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ARTICLE
Year : 2022  |  Volume : 20  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 98-106

Assessment of perceptions of climate change and its causes and impacts on mental health and psychosocial wellbeing among a group of internally displaced persons in Iraq


1 MRCPsych (UK), MSc, MBBCh, Mental Health and Psychosocial Support Programme Coordinator, The International Organization for Migration (IOM), Iraq
2 PhD, Mental Health and Psychosocial Support Programme Officer, IOM, Iraq
3 MS, Mental Health and Psychosocial Support Programme Officer, IOM, Iraq
4 MA, National Mental Health and Psychosocial Support Programme Officer, IOM, Iraq
5 BDS, National Mental Health and Psychosocial Support Programme Officer, IOM, Iraq

Correspondence Address:
Hatem Alaa Marzouk
Mental Health and Psychosocial Support Programme Coordinator, The International Organization for Migration (IOM)
Iraq
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/intv.intv_40_21

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Extreme weather conditions across Iraq influence people's psychosocial wellbeing, particularly the wellbeing of internally displaced persons (IDPs). This research examines the perceptions of climate change, as well as its causes and impacts on the everyday lives of IDPs in Iraq, and what needs to be done to mitigate these impacts. Following a literature review, this study presents a survey developed and carried out by the International Organisation for Migration (IOM) with IDPs in Ninewa and Duhok camp settings to assess interest in climate change, the impacts of climate change on the IDP population, the observed importance of addressing climate change and what actions can be taken to mitigate such impacts. Key research findings illustrate that most IDPs (80%) have observed climate change in their lives and have been affected directly by climate change (74%). Apart from detailing these findings, the study presents the solutions suggested by the IDPs to address climate change impacts. Based on these suggestions, this study then introduces policy-relevant recommendations to enhance the psychosocial wellbeing of the IDPs across Iraq and support government authorities, national policymakers and humanitarian actors in responding to the needs of the affected population associated with the consequences of climate change.


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