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Year : 2022  |  Volume : 20  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 5-13

Trafficking and exploitation of children in fragile environments: Is prevention possible?

PhD, Associate Professor, Faculty of Social Work, University of Calgary, Calgary, Canada

Correspondence Address:
Ajwang' Warria
2500 University Drive NW, Calgary, AB, T2N 1N4
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/INTV.INTV_1_21

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Children's vulnerability increases and child protection systems are weakened in fragile states due to fragmentation of services and severe resource gaps. In the pursuit to identify and recommend preventative interventions, this study presents the multifaceted and transnational connections between, and mechanisms behind, child exploitation and trafficking and fragile states. The causes of exploitation in fragile contexts are best understood using the socioecological approach. Within this approach, protective factors such as school and parents can be risks in certain circumstances. Thus, in developing prevention interventions, both protective and risk factors should be assessed and analysed together. In addition, findings of this study show that effective responses to child exploitation and trafficking in fragile environments can be ideally found within these environments. In conclusion, acts ofchild exploitation and trafficking in fragile states are not always random, but they can be predicted. If they can be predicted, then they can be prevented.

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