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ARTICLE
Year : 2021  |  Volume : 19  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 187-196

A Preliminary Framework for Understanding Suicide Risk in LGBTQ Refugees and Asylum Seekers


1 Department of Social Work, University of North Alabama, Florence, Alabama, USA and School of Social Work, Florida International University, Miami, Florida, USA
2 School of Social Work, Florida International University, Miami, Florida, USA
3 School of Social Work, Rutgers, The State University of New Jersey, New Brunswick, New Jersey, USA

Correspondence Address:
PhD, MSW Aaron Burgess
Department of Social Work, University of North Alabama, Florence, AL 35632
USA
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/INTV.INTV_5_21

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Lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender and queer/questioning (LGBTQ) individuals continue to experience pervasive violence and victimisation, which has been associated with a host of negative mental health problems, including suicide. However, there is a gap in knowledge about LGBTQ refugees and asylum seekers, an especially vulnerable subgroup of both the LGBTQ and refugee/asylum seeker population. The aim of this study was therefore to develop a preliminary theoretical framework to identify factors that may contribute to suicide risk among LGBTQ refugees and asylum seekers, and those that may buffer this risk. We conducted a review of literature on the lived experiences of LGBTQ refugees and asylum seekers. We then used cumulative disadvantage and minority stress theories to conceptualise their risk for suicide and queer migration theory to highlight protective factors. Finally, this review provides practice implications for supporting the psychosocial and mental health needs of LGBTQ refugees and asylum seekers.


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