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Year : 2018  |  Volume : 16  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 249-255

Studying the effectiveness of motivational group therapy in heroin addicts in Kabul

1 Assistant Professor, Counseling Department, Kabul University, Kabul, Afghanistan
2 Professor, Clinical Psychology Department, Shiraz University, Shiraz, Iran
3 Assistant Professor, Counseling Department, Education University, Afghanistan

Correspondence Address:
Sediqa Akbari
Assistant Professor and Counsellor, Faculty of Psychology and Educational Science, Kabul University, Kabul
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/INTV.INTV_27_18

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Afghanistan has one of the highest rates of substance use in the world, yet existing treatment focuses on detoxification, residential rehabilitation and with very low intensity aftercare. Current available treatment should be changed to more evidence-based modalities, such as structured psychosocial interventions. In addition, the main role of affect in development, maintenance and abstinence of substance use disorders should be also taken into account. Many therapy models can assist in substance use disorders recovery, such as the trans-theoretical model of change, which is a motivational programme that facilitates change by (1) increasing awareness and self re-evaluation; (2) understanding the necessity for change; (3) increasing motivation; and (4) maintaining change and preventing relapse. This field report describes using group therapy for those who are not sufficiently motivated to drug cessation, components of group therapy, as well as results, challenges and suggestions for future studies.

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